The US Lagos-Besteiro Family:

A History-3

1921 to 1934: Paterson - the single years

By Emilito
Rev. 2005-02-28

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To be constructed
Everything below is in "scribble" form has been and put up here solely for the purpose of letting family members contribute stories, recollections, parents' recollections, etc.  Hopefully Emilito has better quality control than this.

As the Lombardo moving truck carrying the Lagos family rolled up to 321 Market Street sometime in 1921, a 40+ year period of geographic stability was beginning; all members of the family would live in or within 5 miles of Paterson until Emilito began the Diaspora with the first permanent family move, to Bethlehem, PA in March 1966.

Maina and Papa were in the prime of their lives - she 37, he 41.  Carmen/Carmita was 10, Manuel/Manolo/Manny 9, Victorina/Vicky 8, Dolores/Lolita/Dee 4, Carlos/Carlitos/Charlie 3, and Josephine/Piti/Jo 1.  There would be no additions for nearly two decades to this locally unconnected self-enclosed nuclear family.

But there was no lack of things to do - and a few funny stories!


Paterson, NJ, holds an important place in US history - it is the first city designated for the development of industry.  Wikipedia's article on Alexander Hamilton notes that "Hamilton was among the first to recognize the larger transformations of industry and capitalism of his era -- in particular the trend toward larger-scale manufacturing financed through credit. In 1778 he visited the Great Falls of the Passaic River in northern New Jersey and saw that the falls could one day be harnessed to provide power for a manufacturing center on the site. As Secretary of Treasury, he put this plan into motion, helping to found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures, a private corporation that would use the power of the falls to operate mills. Although the company did not succeed in its original purpose, it leased the land around the falls to other mill ventures and continued to operate for over a century and a half. The city which grew on the spot of Hamilton's vision, Paterson, New Jersey became one of the most important manufacturing centers for cotton, steel and silk, until its decline after World War II."

Great Falls of the Passaic
The Great Falls of the Passaic River

Market St looking East (City Hall at left)
Market Street in the 1920s; Paterson City Hall is immediately to the left of the photo.
A 10-minute walk down this street and one would be at the family's first address, # 321.

Paterson Free Public Library
The Paterson Free Public Library, completed in 1905
This building was designed by [NAME], the person that designed the Lincoln Memorial
Emilito finds it hard to imagine that his mother Carmen LAGOS BESTEIRO did not spend a lot of time here.

Several famous people hail from Paterson.  One of them was faithful in referring to his hometown throughout his film career.  Lou Costello, born in Paterson in March 1906, was busy building his career with Bud Abbot during the time the family lived in Paterson; after years of vaudeville, their first film came out in 1940.

Write some background article on Paterson, its history, what it was like in the 20s and 30s . . .
Include pictures of the Falls, Quackenbush or Meyer Bros, a couple of theaters "in the day"
A couple of pix of immigrant families
Can I find the Morning Call (or was it Evening News) article on history of Paterson?
Schools in Paterson in the 20s/30s?

Who's on First
Abbot and Costello in "Who's on First" - Note "Paterson Silk Stockings" Logo in Background

There are many more pictures of Paterson, more background information, more information on what it was like when the family moved there, more famous Paterson personalities, to be found in -- click here to get there.

Lagos Family Residences in Paterson

Most of the information on the Paterson residences, below, comes from Carmen, as recorded by Dolores' daughter Chippie in the 1992 family reunion book.

Can we figure out the years of the houses?
Find out when houses were built?
[22nd Street and Lenox Ave for sure are same buildings now as then - probably all but 315 Park. . . ]

"The first home in Paterson was at 321 Market Street on the second floor above a store.  From here the children attended their first school in Paterson, directly across the street.  At that time it was School 15, but it later became Eastside High School Annex and then School 11 of which Carmen became the first principal.

321 Market Street in 2005
321 Market Street (building being reconstructed at right-center) on 1/1/2005

School 11 from their website
School 11, at 350 Market Street,  from its website
This (as School 15) was the first school the Lagos kids attended
Later Carmen was the first principal of the newly numbered School 11

Carmen again: "The family then moved to
307 Park Avenue, also over a store, and then to 315 Park Avenue, a house I like best of all the houses in which I've ever lived.  It was a much bigger house with servant's rooms upstairs.  There were never servants, but at one time the first Maina [Victorina GRACIANI LORENZO, see this Lagos-Besteiro history part 1 or part 2], was living there.  She had a dresser cover with fringe on it and Aunt Dee used to go upstairs when no one was there and light one fringe, just to watch it burn.  One day, when she lit one it spread to the others.  She was so scared she went downstairs and sat down to supper without saying a word.  A man rang the doorbell and told Papa that flames were coming from the attic window.  The fire department put out the fire, which by then had damaged the room.  The fire was blamed on a hot coal from a passing train.  That remained the story until Aunt Dee decided to tell Maina the truth – in 1967."

Emilito comments: "man, they were gullible.  When I first heard this story, I thought it had to do with 307, which itself is the 2nd building from the tracks.  315 is the fourth.  If it were possible for hot coals from the train to get to 315, then 305 and 307 would probably have burned down by then."

Papa was naturalized on June 18, 1925 (15 years to the day before Emilito's birth); his address was listed as 307 Park Avenue.

Emilito also notes that this incident probably took place in 1927: his Aunt Dee told him that when she finally told her mother in 1967 it had been 40 years since she had nearly burned down the house.

307 Park Ave (on right)
307 Park Ave is the 2nd building from the corner (E 22nd Street). Photo taken 1/1/2005
The RR tracks run perpendicular to Park Ave just past the corner

315 Park Avenue in 2005
315 Park Avenue on 1/1/2005
307 Park Ave is to the left and E. 23rd Street is to the right
This building seems like a far more recent addition to the street.

Carmen: "After that the family lived in two houses on 22nd Street, across from School 24 which was also the 'Normal School.'"  She goes on to explain: "At one time there was no special education provided for people to prepare for the teaching profession.  The French developed a series of “norms” for earning a certificate entitling a person to teach.  Because its courses were based on those norms, such a school was called an “ecole normale.”  In our country the same was done and translated to “normal school.”)  Among the neighbors on 22nd Street were Marguerite and Catherine Feeney.  Catherine would later become Catherine Carr, whose son Tom would marry Chippie."

Emilito picks this spot to digress to a moment in time sometime around 2002 when Chippie's husband Tommy Carr showed him an envelope and said "You're the family expert - what was Aunt Vicky doing writing to my mother in 1930 anyway?"  Tommy thought it must have been Dee's sister Victorina Lagos, but Emilito looked at the signature and saw that it was signed by "Victorina G. de Lagos!" Then he looked at the return address on the envelope which said "Victorina Graciani de Lagos."  How in the world did Chippie's great grandmother hook up with someone who wasn't going to interact with our family for 36 more years?

Well, it obviously had to do with the fact, as Carmen noted [2 paragraphs above], Tom's mother had lived on 22nd Street.  Since Victorina wrote "How you must have grown in the past two years!," Victorina's last visit to Paterson must have been in 1928 (almost certainly her last visit ever, as she died in Havana in 1931).  She signed it

Victorina Graciani letter to Catherine Feeney
so it's understandable that Tommy thought it was Aunt Vicky.  Click here to see the letter.

Although Carmen didn't specify the houses, Dee and Jo said they were, first 922 East 22nd, and then its next door neighbor 924.  The 1930 census found the family at 922, where they were paying $55 per month rent.  As they left 22nd Street in 1931, their stay at 924 (they moved there because it had one more bedroom) must have been quite brief.

With the information Emilito has gathered so far, he reckons we can speculate as the when they were where.  They arrived at 321 Market Street sometime in 1921, probably mid-year.  They were still there in November 1922 when Victorina visited (from Ellis Island Manifests).  By April 1924, when Manuel, Victorina and her grandson Ricardo visited, they were at 307 Park Avenue.  They were still there when Papa was naturalized on June 18, 1925.  They were in 315 Park by 1927 (could have been a year earlier) and at 922 2nd Ave by 1927 (possibly 1926) and still there in April 1930, and between that date and their move to Lenox Avenue in 1931 also spent some time living in 924 22nd Street.

922-924 E 22nd St in 2002
922 (left) and 924 E. 22nd Street in 2002

Carmen continued, "In 1931 Maina and Papa purchased the house on Lenox Avenue.  The tennis courts Papa had built helped to make it a gathering place for the children’s friends.  (I’m sure Papa had in mind keeping the children home when he had it built.)" 

The older members of Emilito's generation spent lots of time at Lenox Avenue and remember it well - this is where we gathered (sometimes daily).  By the time we came around, however (basically the 40s), the "tennis court" was no longer functioning as such and was more like a vacant lot, where we played "kick the can" and other children's games.  Apparently in the 1930s, however, it truly functioned as a tennis court.

129 Lenox in "the old days"
129 Lenox in the days of colorizing pictures (probably the 1930s)
The sculpture in the pond was done by well-known sculptor Gaetano Federici.

129 Lenox in 2005
129 Lenox for sale on January 1, 2005

Emilito has not found any pictures of the tennis courts, and the earliest picture he's found with the tennis court in the background is a 1938 family picture in front of the tennis court fence.

1938 - family ini front of tennis court
1938 family picture in front of tennis court.  The house at 129 Lenox is behind the photographer
Currently there is a house on the lot where the tennis court was

Schools While in Paterson
Where the kids went before 1934 (or so)
15, others? St. Jos., St. Mary, Eastside HS,
Normal School, NYU, Nursing Schools
HS Yearbook Pictures et al

Eastside HS about 1924

HS:   Carmen - graduated Eastside Jan 1927 (went elsewhere? when did Eastside start?) - have pic? yearbook?
    Manny - graduated Central - when? - have pic? - other schools? Started at the #15 on Market Street
    Vicky - graduated Central? - when? - have pic?
- other schools? Started at the #15 on Market Street
    Dee - graduated St. Mary's - 1935 - have pic - yes - she never went to public school - St. Joseph Grammar school, etc.
    Charlie - graduated St. Mary's - 1938 - have pic - yes (exactly same as Jo - started a year later, then held back a year)
    Jo - went to school in 22nd - #15? through 1st year at Lenox, then to &graduated St. Mary's - 1938  - have pic - yes xxdd


The Manuel and Victorina Saga Continues

The Ellis Island Records Database ( stops in 1924, so we certainly miss some of the extensive visits of Manuel LAGOS TOLEDO and his wife Victorina GRACIANI LORENZO that extend throughout the decade, and later for Manuel.  Nevertheless there are two visits documented in the database, in 1922 and 1924.

Aunts Dee and Jo remembered that Manuel and Victorina actually lived in Paterson - on Oak Street - for perhaps a year or more while the family was on 22nd Street.  As we know from Victorina's letter to Catherine Feeney that she had left around 1928, the most probable time was 1927-28.  As we know from Dee's "arson" story that the family was on Park Ave in 1927 one assumes that's about when they moved to 22nd Street.

Interestingly, on the 1922 trip she was listed as "single."  Now it's true that on the original manifest the "S"  was later overwritten with "M,"  but she is also listed as living in Havana with a friend, "Mario García."  (No, it's not as potentially scandalous as it might seem; Mario was her son-in-law, so she was living with her daughter Isabel and her husband.)  But where was Manuel? Manuel Lagos had arrived in Paterson the month before Victorina.  He came, however, on a ship from Santiago, and he listed his address as that of a friend, Dr. Muin, in Santiago, Cuba (approximately 500 miles from Havana). Victorina noted that she was coming to spend 6 months in the US; according to Manuel he was coming for a year "to study."  In 1924, however, they traveled together (with her 7-year old grandson Ricardo Besteiro - whom we called Richard) and were both listed as living in Havana with Mario García as well as being residents of the US.  Ricardo can be seen in the following photo taken on the day of Dee's first communion on June 1, 1924.

Day of Dee's First Communiion - Park Ave - Ricardo Besteiro
Photo taken on June 1, 1924, Dee's First Communion
Little Boy behind is Ricardo Besteiro, on the right is Carmen
Ricardo came from Cuba with his grandmother Victorina and her husband Manuel

We also have a pretty good idea of when Victorina returned to Cuba for good.  When Pepe GARCÍA BESTEIRO began to visit Paterson about 1950, Dee and Jo remembered they harbored some anger about his being born, because when Victorina found out her daughter Isabel (Aunt Betty) was pregnant with her first child (Pepe, born 15 October 1928), she (and presumably tío Manuel - one never knows) left for Havana to assist Isabel.

There just have to be stories behind these stories.  Emilito's mother and her generation were not very forthcoming about imperfections in the family, but Emilito suspects that Manuel and Victorina's true story would have been worth a novel.

POSTSCRIPT - Manuel.  Although the family never saw Victorina again, tío Manuel would return many times through the 1930s.  Apparently he never returned after that - first there was World War II, then - for some reason not known to anyone left alive - the two brothers stopped communicating.

In August 1934, Papa took an emergency trip to Havana when he found out his brother Manuel had shot himself in a failed suicide attempt.  When he left on this particular voyage, the kids accompanied him to the ship and later they all remembered that the band was playing "For all you know, we may never meet again." Scheduled to return on the Morro Castle on the 8th of September, Papa moved his trip up a few days when he decided Manuel was OK.  The Morro Castle - on his originally scheduled trip - caught fire off the shore of Asbury Park, NJ, and 134 people were killed.

Morro Castle after 1934 Fire
Morro Castle After Fire, 1934
Click on the picture to see other shots from the Steven Anderson Collection

Papa's report on the cause of Manuel's attempted suicide?  A woman.  Papa reported to Maina that "she looked just like Betty Boop."

PREQUEL - Victorina.  This is not all there is to say about Victorina; Emilito notes that when she was 19 Victorina was one of the most promising actresses on the Madrid stage. She gave it all up to marry, and thus began our family lives.

Emilito, who believes Victorina's life, combined with that of tío Manuel and also her eccentric sculptor father Francisco Graciani AKA Grazziani, would probably make an interesting novel.  At the very least, it will be featured in an exclusive Emilito article on Victorina and her life.

link to 1881 site?
look and see who Oscar's uncle is, he is line 28 on page 5, Oscar is line 1 on page 6

------- put this whole thing together ------------

Funny Family Facts and Fables

Much of what follows is taken from the book Emilito's cousin Chippie put together for the 1992 Lagos family reunion (with information provided by Carmen), with additions interspersed.

Carmen writes: "Papa always required the children to speak Spanish at home and sadly this deterred Maina from mastering English to her satisfaction [but see here for 1965 story].  Once when Aunt Carmen told Papa that her teacher had instructed her to speak English at home he explained: in the classroom the teacher is in charge and you will obey her.  Here, however, I am in charge and you will do as I say and that includes speaking Spanish at home.

"For many years the Lagos Besteiro family continued to observe the customs of Spain.  Saints’ days were celebrated rather than birthdays.  Gifts were exchanged on the Feast of the Three Kings, not on Christmas."

The second part of the play Carmen wrote - to describe life on Lenox Avenue - for her mother's 82nd birthday in 1966 was documented by Dolores' daughter Chippie for the Lagos family 1992 reunion.

Aunt Carmen (is standing in a corner, her pinky in her mouth, reading a book)

Aunt Jo and Uncle Charlie (are in another part of the stage, fighting in pantomime)

Aunt Dee (is crying – once in a while you can hear her sob)

Aunt Vickie (dusting vigorously)  -
You kids make such a mess around the house.

Aunt Jo (to Uncle Charlie)  -
Leave me alone!  If you keep bothering me I’ll tell Papa that Sister had to scold you three times today!

Uncle Charlie
You big mouth!  I’ll knock your block off!

Maina (looks around, surveying the situation) -
¿Que pasa aquí?  Carmita, saca el dedo de la boca y ves a ver lo que pasa a esos muchachos.

Aunt Carmen (stamping her foot) -
¡Nunca puedo leer!  ¡Estos chicos--!  What’s the matter with you two?  (walking up to Aunt Jo and Uncle Charlie)

Maina (to Aunt Dee)
Y tú Lolita.  ¿Por que lloras? What’s the matter?  Who has a new dress now?

Uncle Mannie (comes in carrying a football; he has a black eye)

Ay, Manolo ¡Has estado jugando al fútbol otra vez!  ¿Qué le vas a decir a tu padre cuando vea ese ojo?

Uncle Mannie
But Mother, that’s nothing!  I’ll tell Papa I bunked into the door.  Besides, I don’t know why he doesn’t let me play football.

Maina. -
 Porque no quiere que te hagas daño.  Ves a lavarte y a ver si sacas la basura.

Uncle Mannie – All right, Mama, right away. (Exit)

Aunt Vickie (to Uncle Charlie and Aunt Jo) –
Will you get out of the way so I can straighten this house.  You make such a mess!

Aunt Dee (as she stops crying for a while)
It’s pretty funny!  This house is always neat enough for you until one of your boyfriends is coming.

Uncle Charlie
Who is it tonight, Guido, Charlie, or somebody new?

Aunt Vickie
Look!  Maybe you can boss Jo around, but you’re not going to fool around with me!

Aunt Dee (starts crying again)

(In the midst of the noise, Papa enters)

 Papa -
¿Que pasa por aquí?

Maina (kissing him)
Nada, nada.  Enseguida vamos a comer.  (Exits)

(The girls all go to Papa, kissing him as they say, “Buenas tardes, papa” or “How are you, Daddy?” or similar greeting)

Uncle Charlie –
How are you, Dad?  How was your day?

Papa –
Muy bien, muy bien.  Pero no te olvides que en esta casa se habla español.

Uncle Charlie –
Bueno, Papá.  (Aunt Jo makes a face at him, and he, behind Papa’s back, shakes a fist at her.)

Uncle Mannie (enters, covering his eye with his hand) –
Hi, Dad, I’m just going to take out the garbage.

Papa (emphatically) -
¡En español!

Uncle Mannie –
Sí, sí, Papá.  Voy a sacar la basura.

Papa (noticing his black eye) -
¿Qué es eso?

Uncle Mannie (going off) –
Nothing Daddy.  No es nada.

Papa (shaking his head) -
¡Ay que muchacho!  ¡Que amor le tiene al fútbol!

Stories about incidents reflecting interpersonal relations within the family have achieved legendary status.  We have all heard stories about the
Lagos household while the children were growing up.  Here are a few of them: 

One night Papa, who sat at the head of the dining room table while the children did their homework, noticed that Uncle Mannie seemed unduly burdened with geography work.  Checking, he found that the geography book was the only one big enough to cover the comic book he was reading. 

The next story took place during the visit of Oscar GONZÁLEZ RODRÍGUEZ from Cuba.  Oscar, a cousin of Tía Isabel (Aunt Betty)'s husband Mario GONZÁLEZ GARCIA, came to spend the 8th grade with Manny at - SCHOOL - for the 1924-25 school year, so this took place at Park Avenue.  Apparently there was a conspiracy by Uncle Manny and Oscar to be excused from the homework hour.  One of them sprinkled black pepper on a handkerchief which they shared, causing them to sneeze loud and frequently.  Since they shared a room, it seemed reasonable that they shared a cold.  Papa asked Maina to give them the appropriate medicine and they were excused.

Possibly Oscar at Park Avenue
Person lying down may be Oscar; in front are Nena, Charlie, unknown and Jo

Carmen never won when she complained to her father.  One one summer she told him she was bored.  Papa had the remedy for that.  The next day he began giving her French lessons.  Another time Carmen remarked, on the way home from Mass, that the sermon didn’t seem to fit the gospel very well.  Papa replied, “After breakfast you can write it as you would have said it.”

There are a huge number of stories regarding ways in which Charlie was able to annoy Jo.  Here are a few. 

Jo claims she can't count the number of times she was sent to her room because of Charlie.  This is one such case.  There was no talking allowed at the dinner table.  One night, before dinner, Uncle Charlie said to Aunt Jo, “When I knock twice under the table it means I’m calling you stupid.” During dinner Uncle Charlie knocked twice.  Aunt Jo began to cry and accuse Uncle Charlie of calling her stupid.  Papa said that Uncle Charlie hadn’t said a word, and sent Aunt Jo to her room. 

Jo remembers one time when they each got a box of candies.  Charlie said "there's no need to open both boxes.  First we'll share yours, then mine." Jo agreed, but when they had finished her box, Charlie claimed "This is my box - you got one too!"

Despite Charlie's being two years older, Jo and Charlie were in the same grade from early in Elementary School.  Charlie - for some reason - started a year late and then - for another unknown reason - was held back early in his school career.  No one knows why, as Charlie was anything but stupid.  Jo remembers that, in high school, Charlie sat next to her.  Once the teacher asked him a question to which he didn't know the answers.  He grabbed Jo's sheet of paper from her desk and answered the question.  Then he kept the paper, so that when the teacher asked Jo a question, she couldn't answer.

Charlie and Jo graduate from HS
2 yrs apart, Charlie and Jo graduate HS together
St. Mary's High School, Paterson, 1938

One Easter at Lenox Avenue, Charlie got a bunch of little chicks.  He turned them loose in the yard, where they lived - and died - on their own.  One lived for at least a year.  Whenever Jo would go from the house to the tennis courts, it would attack her.  For some reason, she was the only family member it would attack.  Once it caught her by surprise and she screamed.  Papa thought something was seriously wrong, and when he found out it was "just" the chicken, sent her to her room.  Finally, once when Tío Manuel was visiting,  Charlie decided it was time to kill the chicken and eat it.  None of the other siblings were particularly interested in eating the chicken - who had been a pet - except Jo.  She ate it - she recalls with a smile - with gusto, remembering all the agony it had cost her. 

Papa himself is the butt of one of these stories. Shortly after getting his first driver's license at age 53, he bought a brand new 1933 Chevy (for about $600).  Not long thereafter, he was in an accident.  He told the family there was "a little bit of damage."  His son Manny commented, however, that the only thing left working was the horn.  The car was repaired, but from then on the designated driver was Manny.

The car was involved in another family story, this one
involving Charlie had family friend (and future Paterson Fire Chief) Harold Kane as co-conspirator.   Uncle Charlie wanted to borrow the car, but asking for it was not his style.  Instead, he and Harold pushed the car out of the garage and around the corner where Papa wouldn’t hear the motor start, then went back into the house to get ready.  Papa was fully aware of what they were doing and when they went to say good-bye he told them if they were home by midnight they could take the car.  Then they had to push the car back into the garage so Papa would hear it start.

Once Aunt Vickie decided to make dinner, which included chocolate pudding.  It was full of lumps.  Uncle Charlie said, “Hey, Mannie, let’s play ball.” Aunt Vickie became hysterical and Uncle Charlie was sent from the table.

One night while Aunt Dee and Uncle pie were courting, Maina and Papa went to a movie.  Aunt Dee called Uncle Pie to invite him over.  After she called, Maina and Papa changed their minds and came home.  When Uncle Pie got to the house, Aunt Jo answered the door and said he couldn’t come in because her parents had come home.  Before she closed the door she took the ice cream he had brought out of his hands.

Tony Lagos remembers a story told to him about his father Manny.  Manny wanted to quit high school to get a job, and Papa said "OK, if you must." Then Papa called the owner of Brogan's Cadillac in Paterson, a former student of his, and asked if he could get Manny a job.  “Sure, Mr. Lagos” he said “ I'll get him a good job.”  “No,” said Papa, “get him the dirties, filthiest, most unpleasant job you have.”  Two months later Manny was back at school.

The First In-Law

Certainly the first long-term relationship among the Lagos kids began when Carmen met Emilio SIGNES MONFORT on Easter Sunday [at the Spanish Center in Newark].  He was 24 and she 17.  Emilito doesn't know when he proposed to her, but Papa apparently said "Of course, but you must wait until she finishes her studies and . . . [??]"

Aunt Jo remembers Carmen crying that day because she REALLY didn't want to go to the Spanish Center. . .  where the family went at least once a month plus parties etc. . .

At any rate, the courtship lasted for nearly seven years until their marriage.

Emilio, Emilito's father, must have been around the Lagos family on a very regular basis during that period, because his picture appears on countless family photos in the early 30s.

More here?

A few early pix of Emilio - his car, also - more on him in Lagos - 4

Emilio's Car
Emilio's car filled with Lagoses - Papa at the wheel with Carmen, Manny, Jo and Vicky in the back

Who else - that would be married - was dating before 12/20/34?  Dee and Pie yes - Manny & Eileen? not Vicky - & not Charlie & Lil or Joe and Jo 
Charlie & Lil started dating in HS . . . they corresponded while he was in college. . 
Aunt Dee and Uncle Pie started dating at St. Mary's (1932? 33?)

Relevant Pie-Dee dates

History of Radio in the family - known?

Continue to see what happens when the Lagos kids marry.

US Lagos History 1 - 1909-1912: Cuba and Spain
US Lagos History 2 - 1912-1921: The New York Years
US Lagos History 3 - 1921-1934: Paterson - the single years
US Lagos History 4 - 1934-1947: Paterson - the Lagos kids get married
US Lagos History 5 - 1937-1961: Paterson - grandchildren
US Lagos History 6 - The Lagos Diaspora

Chapter END

Appendix 1 Cast of Characters

(this list needs editing)

Antonio LAGOS TOLEDO - AKA Papa - the grandfather of Emilito's generation
Josefa (Pepita) BESTEIRO GRACIANI - AKA Maina - the grandmother of Emilito's generation
Victorina GRACIANI LORENZO - Maina's mother and "the first Maina."  "Maina" was a name given her by her eldest granddaughter Carmen Lagos, who mispronounced "Mama Victorina." 
Manuel LAGOS TOLEDO - Papa's brother and Victorina's husband
Carmita LAGOS BESTEIRO - Emilito's mother and Maina and Papa's first child
Manuel (Manolo) LAGOS BESTEIRO - AKA Manny - Maina and Papa's second child.
Victorina LAGOS BESTEIRO - AKA Vicky - Maina and Papa's third child
Dolores LAGOS BESTEIRO - AKA Lola, Lolita, Dee, Dee Dee - Maina and Papa's fourth (surviving) child
Carlos LAGOS [BESTEIRO] - AKA Charlie - Maina and Papa's fifth (surviving) child
Josephine LAGOS [BESTEIRO] - AKA Jo, Jo Jo, Piti - Maina and Papa's sixth (surviving) child
??Isabel BESTEIRO GRACCIANI - AKA tía Isabel and Aunt Betty - Maina's younger sister, lived in Havana
Ricardo BESTEIRO LORET DE MOLA - AKA Richard.  Victorina's grandson, son of her son Domingo

Emilito - Emil SIGNES, son of Carmen LAGOS BESTEIRO.  Emilio SIGNES LAGOS in his Spanish incarnation, Emilito to his parents and to all his Cuban relatives, and also Emiliet to his Valencian father.

Appendix 2.  Addresses in Paterson: a time line

1921   split                        until mid-year, 526 East 83rd Street; later 321 Market Street, Paterson, NJ
1922   entire year               321 Market Street (at least through November)
1923   entire year               (by October 1923 they were on 307 Park Avenue
1924   entire year               307 Park Avenue
1925   unclear                    307 Park Avenue at least till 18 June, possibly 315 Park Avenue later in year
1926   unclear                    possibly both Park Ave addresses, possible move to 22nd Street
1927   entire year               almost certainly ended year at 22nd Street (possibly part of the year at 315 Park Ave)
1928   entire year?             at least most, possibly the entire year at 922 East 22nd Street
1929   entire year               922 East 22nd Street
1930   split                        on April 1, they were at 922 East 22nd Street, probably moved to 924 during the year
1931   split                        924 East 22nd Street and 129 Lenox Avenue
1932   through 1952          129 Lenox Avenue, with children moving out as they were married

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